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Pedro II

Pedro II, also known as the Imperial City, is a Piauí treasure located in Serra dos Matões and has a wide range of options for tourists. Due to its 600 meters above sea level, it has mild temperatures throughout the year. The waterfalls, rock formations and trails are perfect settings for extreme sports or for those who just want to walk around and enjoy nature. In the urban part, the Portuguese-style houses reveal the countryside atmosphere and the entire history behind colonization, but an indigenous element is also present: the more than 200 archaeological sites are living proof of the presence of the communities that inhabited these lands for thousands of years. back. Underground, there is opal, a valuable gem that, in the world, is only found in this region of Piauí and in Australia. Cotton thread crafts are a striking cultural trait with their tapestry and nets of nationally recognized quality. For those who like good music, there is the Winter Festival, which has taken place annually since 2004, on the Corpus Christi holiday, bringing together all the city's potential – ecotourism, crafts, sport – and music, with shows by local and national artists. and international. Pedro II still has options for those who like to experience the situations of a country man with the possibility of staying in the homes of rural inhabitants.

Leaving Teresina, take BR 343, heading to the Federal Highway Police station in the city of Piripiri, turn right and follow BR 404 for around 50 kilometers to the entrance portal. It is also possible to come from Ceará, via Crateús, via the same BR 404.

Historic center
The city center has centuries-old properties with Portuguese inspiration and also mansions that recall the economic heyday of the first half of the 20th century. Among them, the Tertuliano Brandão Filho Memorial stands out, which holds a collection of images and documents from the city; the Commercial Board, which today houses opal cutting centers; Solar da Estrela Marrom, which was the home of Colonel Domingos Mourão Filho, bombed by order of the federal government; the Church of Nossa Senhora da Conceição which replaced the chapel in honor of the same saint brought by the Portuguese in the 18th century; the Artisan Market; among others.

Cotton thread crafts have been a tradition in Pedro II since at least the 19th century. According to oral history, it all started with the three sisters Severa, Honorina and Mariana who introduced grid looms to the locality and then disseminated the techniques for making nets, the best-known product. Nowadays, quilts, bags, placemats, among other objects are also produced.

Opal Route
It is also possible to make a route that covers the entire opal production chain, from its mines, the best known of which is Boi Morto, one of the largest in the world in the open pit, to the cutting and goldsmithing workshops.

Archaeological sites
Pedro II has more than 200 panels from cataloged archaeological sites, four of which have structures to receive tourists: Serra do Quinto, Buriti Grande dos Aquiles, Torre 1 and Torre 2. The animal, human and abstract figures are the result of human occupation of years. The presence of a guide is required.

Roça Museum
Private museum located about 10 kilometers from the municipality’s headquarters. It occupies a 19th century mansion and has an eclectic collection that shows the social evolution and the beginnings of mining in the city. It also has a restaurant with a swimming pool and hammock. Open on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays

Ecotourism and sports
Pedro II has several trails and local roads that are used for sports such as rallies, endurance races and racing competitions amidst the cerrado, caatinga and Atlantic forest vegetation. There are also several waterfalls that, in addition to bathing, are used for practices such as rappelling. Among them, the Salto Liso Waterfall stands out, 26 meters high and with cold water – visitable from February to July; and Cachoeira do Urubu Rei, with difficult access and a 76-meter waterfall.




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